Psychological counselling is an intervention which aims at preventing, submitting or assisting an individual, with a view to solving personal problems (emotional, cognitive, behavioural), and has an individual, family and socio-professional disturbing impact. The key to all counselling-related interventions is the development of a new coping strategy, the activation of blocked resources, complementary or compensatory, so that the people, couples or families in difficulty are enabled to find their own solutions, using their potential. In this counselling work, the main aim is to support the clients in exploring their own selves so that they understand themselves better, they acknowledge their own needs, expectations to be more self- confident, to solve and surpass problems through their personal resources by changing attitudes, conceptions and behaviours manifested in the specific existential context.

The success of counselling resides in the client’s possibility not to remain anchored or dependent on the counsellor, as a result of the unblocking their capacity to manage and solve the problem in a responsible way: the counselled person learns to state discriminative solutions, to take responsibility for the consequences, to avoid repeating the mistakes and, in case of failure, to use all the resources and avoid always expecting a new form of help only when they truly cannot give it themselves. A high level of self-confidence and clarity ensures the client’s autonomy and opens the way to new responsible behaviours and to a good capacity to face stress, crises and subsequent existential challenges.