Adolescent counseling is intended to help adolescents make sense of their feelings and behavior. Approaches such as family therapy are often necessary especially when the attitude of parents seems to play an important role in the adolescent’s symptoms. Both parent and teenager have the chance to explore their relationship and talk about their feelings in a supportive environment.

Physical change that occurs during this time is known as puberty. Because of puberty, teenagers may often feel over-sensitive and lack self-confidence as they come to terms with the changes they are going through. Mood swings and shyness are some of the most common features associated with adolescence. It is a period of vulnerability for the teenager, which requires support and understanding.

Teenagers often find their independence by making friends and widening their social circle. As they begin to carve out an identity, they become more susceptible to their friend’s influences. In general this is a healthy process that enables the teenager to find a niche outside of the family environment. But occasionally peer pressure may lead to situations that need parental or professional guidance.