Returning back home is today a sudden process in which the soldiers who had finished their tour of duty are flying “back in the world” often within days from their last combat. Now they need time to readapt to a totally changed environment, to a new world where nothing is like they lived for so much time. To a smiling faces who don’t know how war looks like and do not know that two days ago the person in front of them probably have seen his comrades dieing or another atrocity of war. They face a tremendous difference between worlds and sometimes they feel they don’t belong “home” anymore.
Not all serving personnel or veterans who experience problems following a traumatic event will need professional help. In time, most recover with the help of family and friends. However, others some may develop mental health problems which may persist for many years, in some cases. Problems may include anxiety, depression, posttraumatic stress disorder and risky alcohol and drug use, together with difficulties with relationships, work and daily life. It is important to note that in some cases mental health problems may not appear for several years. The life of both women and men returning from theatre could be affected if their relationships had problems before the deployment. Problems they haven’t pay attention to and which are getting deeper now. Distance and time away from the partner could represent a test for the relation.
The severity, incidence and aftermath of PTSD increase or decrease according to the surrounding social context. Though PTSD may be an inevitable effect of the battlefield, the host society can ameliorate the conditions. Calling our soldiers “heroes” or “mercenary who are fighting for money” could make a big difference in their returning home.
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